Parvovirus Infection In Dog And How To Prevent It

Parvovirus Is one of life threatening disease that affect dogs; either matured or puppy. This disease is highly contagious and spread very fast through contact.

I’ve had several encounter with dogs having this infection, it wasn’t a pleasant experience; that’s why I’ve decided to give you tips on how you can prevent your dog from having this disease.   

Parvovirus was noticed in 1978 when all dogs around the world suddenly began to die. The disease targets epithelium of the small intestine of a dog, and the lining that helps to absorbs nutrient. It provide a crucial barrier against fluid loss and bacterial infestation from the guts into the body.

It’s quite sad when you see your lovely pet in an undesirable state; vomiting, stooling and  Lying down restlessly with no strength in it. It’s more painful when you’re use to your dog, or you’ve spent so much on it, and it later died of a disease that can be prevented.

Research shows that parvovirus infection can kill a dog in less than 72 hours. Aside from the fact that the survival rate of this disease is minute, there is need for pet owners to take a serious measure to prevent their dog from contacting this disease.

Symptoms Of Parvovirus Infection In Dog

Canine Parvoviral Virus (CPV) shows sings in two forms; internal forms and cardiac form. The internal form is more common and it include

  • Loss of appetite
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Sever weight loss
  • Lethargy (lack of energy)
  • fever

The intestinal form affect the body and absorb the internal nutrient which makes the dog very weak and dehydrated. The virus may affect dog of all age, but it’s usually common in puppy and a dog below one year.

The above observation are sings you’ll see before a dog is infected with CPV, and mostimes when a dog is down with this disease it  produces a foul irritating smell which might prevent you from getting close to the dog; but make sure you see your vet before the case is serious.

Diagnosis Of Parvovirus

It might sometimes require extra effort to diagnose parvo based on its signs; because there are other disease with the same clinical signs; vomiting, diarrhea and fever.     

The test is carried out by collecting the feces of your dog to laboratory to know if the virus is present or not. Your vet can also carrie out a quick Enzyme Linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test in his office which averagely takes about 15 mint. The test kit is use to detect parvovirus in a dog stool.

If the virus is present, it can still be treated if the infection have not gotten to a worst stage.   

Prevention Of Parvovirus Infection

The best way to protect a dog from having the disease is by vaccination. All dog owners should take it as priority to vaccinate their dog to prevent it from having parvovirus disease.

Do you release you dog to move at will? if so, your dog is in a dangerous zone. Prevent your dog from getting contact with any strange dog and always tidy up your dog’s environment. Once a dog is infected, there’s no cure, but treatment can sometimes save the dog’s life if the dog is properly attended to.

It’s recommended to vaccinate your puppy and adult dogs with Distemper, Hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, DHLPP vaccine. To prevent them from sudden death.

However, in some cases there might be vaccine failure due to one thing or the other, it is advisable to vaccinate your dog once in a year after the first three short to prevent it from any viral infection that can cost its life.

If you are in an environment where this disease has occurred, or you just got a new dog and this disease is responsible for the death of your former dog; it is more important to disinfect your house, or your dog’s cage with chemical of high pH level, as this disease can survive for a long period of time adapting to various pH level in an environment.

One of the chemical that is powerful to kill this disease is Chlorine Bleach; use 250ml bleach into 5 liters of water to wash your house. This will prevent your new or remaining dogs from having this disease.

Conclusion

Prevent your dog from contacting this deadly disease by taking proper measures discussed above.

 

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